hunting tactics

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Kittysaysmeow
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hunting tactics

Post by Kittysaysmeow » Thu Dec 31, 2009 11:43 pm

I know wolves hunt as a team, bringing down the weakest members of the herd, but how else to do they hunt? Do they use their numbers to an advantage by circling and looking for an opening or attacking while the prey is distracted?
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Re: hunting tactics

Post by Cenetri » Mon Jan 04, 2010 6:17 pm

Usually, a wolf pack will keep watch for a straying animal in the herd. If it happens to be quite healthy, they might not take the chance to bring it down. If the animal was weakened or ill, however, they might provoke it to begin their chase. That starts the long cycle of the hunt, usually in a nip and go pattern.

Wolves often times chase down their prey until it runs out of energy, then go in for the fatal blow. But you have to remember that wolves are only successful 10% of the time, and often are injured or killed during hunts.
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Re: hunting tactics

Post by Sintact » Mon Jan 04, 2010 7:03 pm

I think that's not what the user is asking, but it helps anyways.

Wolves will go down wind for their prey not to scent them. Wolves also roll over the prey's "S" for taking off their own wolf smell and "be part" of the herd. All of these tactics are natural and instincts.

As Canis said, wolves will choose the weakest of the herd, but if there are none, they will try anyways to hunt by chasing the prey off for long distances, wolves are not quite sucessful when hunting, it is rare that they are sucessful.

A distracting tactic might also be used, but wolves are not genious, indeed this can happen without being "planned".

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Re: hunting tactics

Post by Cenetri » Mon Jan 04, 2010 7:17 pm

I've attained some more information from this website.
link -
http://www.wolfcountry.net/information/WolfHunting.html
Wolf Hunting Tactics

Wolves are primarily nocturnal animals that avoid the heat of day. They generally commence hunting at dusk.

Wolves detect prey by three primary means, sent (most common), tracking, and chance encounters.

After prey is detected, wolves may split up to search through brush, travel on ridge tops searching for the prey below, or test herds looking for signs of weakness.

It has long been recognized that wolves often take advantage of wear members of the herd. In 1804, Captain Clark of the famed Lewis and Clark expedition wrote that prairie wolves followed buffalo and fed "on those that are killed by accident or those that are too pore or fat to keep up with the ganges."

Later researchers reinforced the image of the wolf as a predator of the very young, the very old, the weak, of the diseased. Aldolph Murie, in the Wolves of Mount McKinley,wrote: "Many bands seem to be chased, given a trial, and if no advantage is gained or weak animals discovered, the wolves travel on to chase other bands until an advantage can be seized."

Lois Crisler notes in Arctic wild, "In all our time in the arctic, the only healthy caribou we saw or found killed were fawns with big herds." She observed that adult caribou killed had "hoof disease, or lung tapeworm, or nostril-cloging ... botflies." In a 1980 study in northeast Alberta, T. Fuller and L.B. Kieth found that "wolves killed disproportionately more young, old and probably debilitated moose (Ales alces), as well as more female calves."

In fact, the only animal that habitually preys upon prime mature animals is man.

Although it does not prey only on the weak and the ill, the wolf is opportunistic, and it is inevitably the disadvantaged that are the easiest to catch.
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Kittysaysmeow
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Re: hunting tactics

Post by Kittysaysmeow » Tue Jan 05, 2010 8:09 pm

Thank you! This really helped and I'm glad you both have anwered my question. Wolves do seem pretty smart don't they?
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