Conservation Status of the Gray Wolf in the United States
Posted: Mon Apr 20, 2015 1:39 pm
Conservation Status of the Gray Wolf in the United StatesClassifications are currently at the species (Canis lupus) level, rather than on a subspecies level. Gray wolves are classified as endangered, threatened, or delisted within the continental United States and Mexico.
Endangered (E) :
"A species 'in danger of extinction throughout all or a significant portion of its range.'"
ENDANGERED in the states of Alabama, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, Nevada, New York, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Vermont and West Virginia; and portions of Arizona, Iowa, Indiana, Illinois, North Dakota, New Mexico, Ohio, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, and Washington. Mexico.
- * Federal protections were recently restored to gray wolves in the Great Lakes region (Minnesota, Michigan, Wisconsin) on December 19th, 2014. Previously, the populations in that region had been delisted in accordance with a ruling in 2012.
" A species 'likely to become endangered within the foreseeable future throughout all or a significant portion of its range.'"
THREATENED in the states of Minnesota.
- * The 12/19/14 ruling returned the gray wolf to this status in Minnesota after the population was delisted in 2012.
"Species that has been removed from the list due to recovery, original data in error, or extinction."
DELISTED in the states of Idaho, Montana, and in portions of eastern Oregon, eastern Washington, and north central Utah (2011). Wyoming's wolves were delisted in 2012, and then classified under EXPN, XN (experimental non-essential population) in 2014.
Great Lakes region:
Minnesota: 2,278 2016 >> 2,856 2017
Wisconsin: 925 2016 >> 905 2017
Michigan: 618 2016
Northern Rocky Mountain region:
Montana: 447 2016 >> 663 2017
Wyoming: 377 2016 >> 347 2017
Oregon: 112 2016 >> 124 2017
Washington: 90 2015 >> 122 2017
California: 9> 2016 >> 8 2017
last updated 6/05/2018
Species Profile for Gray wolf (Canis lupus)
Western Gray Wolf: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Species Status Codes